How to enjoy a plant-based diet
There is no one right way to eat for everyone. We are all different and what works for one person may not work for the next. However, with more and more people choosing to follow a vegan lifestyle I hope this plant-based eating blog will be of interest.
The extent to which plant-based sources can provide excellent sources of nutrition is endless. With a balanced vegan diet, you can help yourself become the healthiest version of yourself. For those starting Veganuary this month, these minimally processed substitute animal products can be seen as ideal replacements.
Tofu and tempeh are good ways to enjoy a plant-based diet:
versatile protein-rich alternatives to meat, fish, poultry and eggs.
Beans, lentils and peas are excellent sources of many nutrients.
Nuts and nut butter are other reasons to enjoy a plant-based diet:
Most nuts are good sources of iron, fibre, magnesium, zinc, selenium and vitamin E with almonds, walnuts and pistachios the most nutritious varieties.
Hemp, chia and flaxseeds are also sources of protein and omega-3 fatty acids Alpha Linoleic Acid (ALA). That Protein I Heart Pumpkin and Chia Seeds Super Protein is a great source of ALA.
Calcium-fortified plant milk and yoghurts:
In order to achieve your recommended daily allowance of calcium, opt for fortified varieties with vitamins B12 and D.
Algae is also another way to enjoy a plant-based diet:
Spirulina Chlorella is the source of complete protein that isn’t animal-based, they have added the bonus of containing Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA), the most active Omega-3 fatty acid.
Spelt, amaranth, brown rice protein and quinoa (technically a seed) are all great sources of complex carbs, fibre, iron, B-vitamins and are especially high in protein.
Sprouted and fermented plant foods:
Tempeh, miso, sauerkraut and kimchi all contain probiotics and vitamin K2.
Fruits and vegetables:
Leafy greens such as spinach, kale and bok choy are both particularly high in iron, calcium and other key nutrients.
WHAT ARE THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF A PLANT-BASED DIET?
Plant-based diets have an array of health benefits including a 15% lower risk of developing or dying from cancer; reducing symptoms of arthritis and reduced risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
Those that follow a plant-based diet also tend to be slimmer than those who don’t; with studies demonstrating vegans have a lower body mass index (BMI) than non-vegans. This lower BMI trend may be caused by a higher dietary fibre with a vegan diet intake. Which can make you feel fuller. For such health benefits to come to fruition; a well-planned diet that limits processed foods. Embraces organic and nutrient-rich ones are crucial. Those who follow poorly planned plant-based diets; Just as with badly planned omnivore diets – are at risk of certain nutrient deficiencies. These include a significantly higher risk of having inadequate levels of vitamin B12, vitamin D, omega-3s, iodine, iron, calcium and zinc.
These nutritional requirements are particularly important for children and pregnant women as development can be hindered through nutritional deficiencies. There are however particular elements that every plant-based diet should be aware of.
5 POTENTIAL PLANT-BASED NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES
A common concern amongst plant-based diets is a lack of sufficient protein. Higher protein diets promote muscle strength and satiety. Protein is, of course, vital for muscle and bone health. Also for our cellular structure, even affecting our skin and hair. With about 20% of the human body made up of protein. As our bodies don’t store protein, it’s important to get an adequate amount from your diet every single day. Thankfully, there are plenty of delicious, protein-rich plant-based foods to consider including tofu, lentils, quinoa, hemp, chia and beans.
That Protein is a plant-based range of organic super proteins that are all organic and cold-pressed and an excellent and easy way to add protein and nutrition to your vegan diet.
You can add to all your fav recipes or make protein shakes. It is also important to vary your sources of protein throughout the day; As each provides different amino acids, vitamins and minerals that are all uniquely important for your health.
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the function of every cell in the body.
It is particularly important in the formation of blood and the function of the brain. As B12 is critical for life is by far the most important nutrient that plant-based eaters must be concerned with. Palmyra Nectar is an excellent way to get B12 and a range of B vitamins into a vegan diet. This sweet superfood is extremely high in all the B Vits. Nutritional Yeast like Marmite will also add B12.
The type of Vitamin D we get from the sun isn’t always enough. Especially in colder countries such as the UK. This issue is so apparent that it is now widely recommended that everyone supplements with vitamin D in the winter months.
With studies suggesting vegans are up to 74% more likely to be deficient than meat-eaters; fortified milk alternatives should be consumed.
Omega-3 is also to enjoy a plant-based diet
Omega-3 containing foods, especially those high in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA); Can help the body produce longer-chain omega-3s such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Foods rich in Omega-3 include hemp, flaxseeds, walnuts and soybeans.
A daily intake of 200–300mg of EPA and DHA from an algae oil supplement; is an alternative preventive measure against Omega-3 deficiency.
Despite a plentiful dark leafy green diet; without vitamin C very little iron is absorbed and any benefits won’t be obtained. Additionally, the type of iron in plant-based sources contain non-haem iron which is very difficult to be absorbed effectively. With too much iron causing serious health complications, iron supplementation should only be considered where there is documented deficiency.
If these potential deficiencies are enough to consider a completely plant-based diet one step too far; meat-free Mondays are a great way to dip your toe in the water.